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Frequently Asked Questions

If you have any questions not addressed below, feel free to contact us!

The Air Disinfection Biosecurity (ADB) systems that work in conjunction with your HVAC systems have two components that need to be replaced during different maintenance intervals - one annually, and one every 18 to 24 months. The components that need replacing are the sensor head (every 18-24 months) and the HEPA filters (annually). The average annual maintenance cost for these components would be approximately $1,400 to $1,600.
The ozone created by these ADB units is 39 parts per billion, which is well under the limits set by UL #867, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), California Air Resources Board (CARB), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), among others. These agencies have limits ranging from 50 to 100 parts per billion.

For the systems that work in conjunction with your HVAC system (the "ADB" series) - these systems generate about 39 PPB (parts per billion) of ozone. The portable units (ADB-P) are well below 39 PPB.

Less than 50 PPB is the requirement of the following organizations:
- Underwriters' Laboratories - UL #867
- U.S. Food And Drug Administration (FDA)
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
- California Air Resources Board (CARB)

Less than 75 PPB is the requirement of the following:
- National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS)

Less than 100 PPB is the requirement of the following:
- Occupational Safety And Health Administration (OSHA)
- National Institute Of Occupational Safety And Health (NIOSH)
The ADB units generate Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) plasma, and the level of plasma is measured by the Active Dynamic Controller. The controller measures the amount of ROS plasma in the air every 60-90 seconds and adjusts the output of the Modulated Barrier Discharge System accordingly to make sure it is at a safe level for humans, but at a high enough level to eliminate pathogens.
Air Disinfection Biosecurity (ADB) technology is based on a Cold Plasma Reactor controlled by a Modulated Barrier Discharge (MDBD) system. These proprietary power modules produce a specific modulated frequency signal for active dynamic control of the concentrations of the various Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). Combined with ADB's proprietary design of materials, shape and arrangement of the electrodes, this produces a consistent electric field that in turn causes a partial activation of a portion of oxygen molecules found in ambient air through a reaction with the surrounding environment's gases. This combination of oxygen by-products are highly reactive molecules capable of interacting with exposed, simple organisms such as airborne and surface-level viruses, bacteria, mold spores, fungi, and other microorganisms. Their protein jackets are broken down, interrupting the cellular structure, damaging the RNA and DNA, thus rendering them inactive.
The transmission of viruses is vastly diminished by the fact that airborne viruses are inactivated so quickly by Air Disinfection Biosecurity. Airborne viruses such as SARS-CoV-2 are reduced by about 90 percent in 16 seconds, and by 99.9 percent in 30 seconds. The typical person exhales about 0.25 cubic feet of air in one minute, and about 0.07 cubic feet in the 16 seconds required for the ADB system to inactivate 90 percent of the virus in that volume of air. This leaves only 0.007 cubic feet of infected air that can possibly create transmission. Fourteen seconds later, even that is virtually all eliminated, with the elimination percentage being 99.9 percent in 30 seconds. 0.007 cubic feet is the equivalent of a cube about 2.5 inches on each side being disbursed into the cubic volume of the room, then reduced to virtually zero virus in 14 more seconds. The net result of this eradication would allow for virtually no contagion.
Yes!

Absolutely. This is one of the great advantages of this system - it works while you and others are present (which is when you need it most) - and it works perfectly safely and effectively.
Nope! ADB is quite different, actually.

Bipolar ionization devices release ions into the air through the HVAC system. Once the ions are released, they form bonds with airborne particles. This is called agglomeration. The clusters of particles become larger, making it easier to filter out of the air.

There are some bipolar ionization devices that charge the air at under 12.04 electron volts, which is under the level necessary to generate ozone and, effectively, ions. Ions are charged atomic and molecular particles, NOT particulate matter in the air. Technically, these particular bipolar ionization units do not generate ions, but charge the particulate matter in the air. Once the particulate matter has agglomerated, and it falls out of the air or is trapped in the filter, there are insufficient particles available to maintain the charge necessary to control pathogens.

ADB works very differently. ADB does not create random quantities of positive or negative ions. It creates specific Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) plasma, which attacks pathogens in the same way your body would if a pathogen was to enter your body. The advantage is that the ROS plasma attacks them before they enter the human body, when the pathogen is most vulnerable.

After ambient air is captured in the ADB unit and exposed to high frequency controlled electrical pulses, a burst of charged particles is created. These particles are the Reactive Oxygen Species, and include gas-phase hydrogen peroxide (a powerful biocide), superoxide, and singlet oxygen. These reactive particles are then dispersed through the air via the HVAC/air handling system, or blown out from the portable unit (the ADB-P series), acting as airborne neutralizing agents. Charged particles contact air and surface pathogens, destroying their DNA/RNA to render them inactive.

This is similar to what actually occurs as a part of our body's natural immune response to pathogens. We are essentially taking that and bringing it out into building spaces. Within our body's own immune system, when a microbe is recognized by phagocytes and engulfed, a natural immune response called respiratory burst is initiated. Much of this process within our own body's immune response centers around this very reaction of superoxide and water to create hydrogen peroxide, as well as the reaction of singlet oxygen, which will oxidize many of a microbe's cellular components. Read more about this on our "Science" page.

ADB has been proven much more effective at eliminating pathogens than bipolar ionization (which you can also read about in greater detail on our "Science" page). In addition, ADB is perfectly safe for occupied spaces. With bipolar ionization, there is some doubt that this is the case. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, "bipolar ionization has the potential to generate ozone and other potentially harmful by-products indoors, unless specific precautions are taken in the product design and maintenance." (Source: EPA.gov)
Yes. Air Disinfection Biosecurity is a scientifically validated technology, with supporting evaluation studies from the USDA, Kansas State Food Science Institute, and many other independent laboratories. Certifications also include the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) register #90193-CA-1, and USDA National Organic Standards' - Registration #2857 - sub-type "Sanitizers."

These ADB systems have been around for 20 years and are in 20,000 installations worldwide. They have been installed in the USA since 2008. ADB has been very well vetted during that time.
Air Disinfection Biosecurity (ADB) technology is based on a Cold Plasma Reactor controlled by a Modulated Barrier Discharge (MDBD) system. These proprietary power modules produce a specific modulated frequency signal for active dynamic control of the concentrations of the various Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). Combined with ADB's proprietary design of materials, shape and arrangement of the electrodes, this produces a consistent electric field that in turn causes a partial activation of a portion of oxygen molecules found in ambient air through a reaction with the surrounding environment gases creating the Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) plasma.

The system consists of two major components - the MDBD system mentioned above, and the Active Dynamic Controller, which measures and moderates the amount of ROS plasma in the air.

There is nothing you need to add! This system requires no consumables. It utilizes the molecular oxygen, water vapor and nitrogen naturally occurring within the space to generate the ROS plasma. Once the reaction is complete, the ROS return to the nonreactive molecular oxygen, nitrogen and water vapor.
These units are very economical to operate. The portable unit (ADB-P) requires 60 watts. 70-90 watts is needed for sizes up to 30,000 cubic feet of treatment, on up to the massive 120,000 cubic foot model at 360 watts.
All units are sized for the application, from 5,500 cubic feet up to 120,000 cubic feet, requiring 12 different units. Therefore, a lot of information is required to quote, such as: Do you have an HVAC system or no, what is the cubic feet per minute (CFM) of your air handlers, what is the cubic volume of the room - and more. Some projects are a little over $2.20 per square foot, and others can run up to $6 or more per square foot.
There is a massive focus right now on antiviral technology, with COVID-19 still being a major issue in the world. As we stated before, ADB will absolutely eradicate SARS-CoV-2 (the novel coronavirus that can lead to COVID-19) quickly and effectively. It also works tremendously against over 99 percent of known bacteria, including MRSA, E. coli and Salmonella.

ADB is also extremely effective in neutralizing molds and mold spores, allergens, fungi, mildews and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Candida Auris - a potentially deadly fungus that is often acquired in hospitals - is 99.99 percent eradicated by ADB in about 30 minutes.

Because of its ability to eliminate these irritating pathogens and molds, ADB can also effectively neutralize unpleasant odors.

ADB can eliminate bacterial contamination in foods, and can eliminate other microorganisms that can be harmful and limit the post-harvest life and condition of perishable products. This not only helps prevent potential recalls and people getting sick from eating contaminated products, it also extends the shelf life of meat and produce.

ADB systems have had proven success in horticulture and agriculture applications too. ADB helps with a reduction in losses due to mold, increases shelf-life by neutralizing decay microorganisms, produces firmer heads and stems, and reduces ethylene.
The standard warranty is 3 years, but the unit will last 7 to 10 or more years with proper maintenance. Two components have to be replaced at specific intervals: The sensor head (every 18-24 months), and the MERV 6-11 (dependent on the model) HEPA filter (annually).