Frequently Asked Questions

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Frequently Asked Questions

If you have any questions not addressed below, feel free to contact us!

For the Air Disinfection Biosecurity (ADB) systems with controllers, the sensor head needs to be replaced every 18 to 24 months. On the main units, the filter, and the PVC chamber with metal mesh should be replaced annually. Maintaining these components this way should ensure your ADB system will work for years to come.
The ozone byproduct created by these ADB units averages from about 2 to 26 parts per billion (ppb), which is well under the limits set by UL #867, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), California Air Resources Board (CARB), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), among others. These agencies have limits ranging from 50 to 100 ppb.

Less than 50 PPB is the requirement of the following organizations:
- Underwriters' Laboratories - UL #867
- U.S. Food And Drug Administration (FDA)
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
- California Air Resources Board (CARB)

Less than 75 PPB is the requirement of the following:
- National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS)

Less than 100 PPB is the requirement of the following:
- Occupational Safety And Health Administration (OSHA)
- National Institute Of Occupational Safety And Health (NIOSH)
The ADB units generate Highly Reactive Molecules (HRM) plasma, and the level of plasma is measured by the Active Dynamic Controller. The controller measures the amount of HRM plasma in the air every 75-90 seconds and adjusts the output of the Modulated Barrier Discharge System as a top-level disconnect, so it maintains a consistent and safe production level to achieve continuous antimicrobial reductions while being safe for people.
Air Disinfection Biosecurity (ADB) technology is based on a Modulated Barrier Discharge (MDBD) system with proprietary custom-made power modules. These power modules produce a specific modulated frequency signal and controlled pulses that stabilize a safe, chemical-free blend of Highly Reactive Molecules (HRM), predominantly hydrogen peroxide. Combined with ADB's proprietary design of materials, shape and arrangement of the electrodes, this produces a consistent electric field that in turn causes a partial activation of a portion of oxygen molecules found in ambient air through a reaction with the surrounding environment's gases. This combination of oxygen by-products are Highly Reactive Molecules capable of traveling in the air, inactivating simple organisms such as airborne and surface-level viruses, bacteria, mold spores, fungi, and other microorganisms. Their protein jackets are broken down, interrupting the cellular structure, damaging the RNA and DNA, thus rendering them inactive.
With Air Disinfection Biosecurity systems, the transmission of viruses can be significantly minimized by the fact that airborne viruses are inactivated so quickly. Airborne viruses such as SARS-CoV-2 are reduced by about 90 percent in 16 seconds, and by 99.9 percent in 30 seconds. The typical person exhales about 0.25 cubic feet of air in one minute, and about 0.07 cubic feet in the 16 seconds required for the ADB system to inactivate 90 percent of the virus in that volume of air. This leaves only 0.007 cubic feet of infected air that can possibly create transmission. Fourteen seconds later, even that is virtually all eliminated, with the elimination percentage being 99.9 percent in 30 seconds. 0.007 cubic feet is the equivalent of a cube about 2.5 inches on each side being disbursed into the cubic volume of the room, then reduced to virtually zero virus in 14 more seconds. The net result of this neutralization would allow for virtually no contagion.
Yes!

Absolutely. This is one of the great advantages of this system - it works while you and others are present (which is when you need it most) - and it works perfectly safely and effectively. ADB meets US Department of Agriculture National Organic Standard sub-type "Sanitizers."
Nope! ADB is quite different, actually.

Bipolar ionization devices release ions into the air through the HVAC system only a short distance from the ionizer. Once the ions are released, they form bonds with airborne particles. This is called agglomeration. The clusters of particles become larger, making it easier to filter out of the air.

There are some bipolar ionization devices that charge the air at under 12.04 electron volts, which is under the level necessary to generate ozone and, effectively, ions. Ions are charged atomic and molecular particles, NOT particulate matter in the air. Technically, these particular bipolar ionization units do not generate ions, but charge the particulate matter in the air in close proximity to the ionizer only. Once the particulate matter has agglomerated, and it falls out of the air or is trapped in the filter, there are insufficient particles available to maintain the charge necessary to control pathogens.

ADB works very differently. ADB does not create random quantities of positive or negative ions. It creates a consistent Highly Reactive Molecules (HRM) plasma, which attacks pathogens in the same way your body would if a pathogen was to enter your body. The advantage is that the HRM plasma attacks them before they enter the human body, when the pathogen is most vulnerable.

After ambient air is captured in the ADB unit and exposed to high frequency controlled electrical pulses, a burst of charged particles is created. These particles are the Highly Reactive Molecules (HRM), and include gas-phase hydrogen peroxide (a powerful biocide), superoxide, and singlet oxygen. These reactive molecules are then dispersed downstream into the indoor areas through the air via the HVAC/air handling system, or blown out from the portable unit (the ADB-P series), acting as airborne neutralizing agents. Charged molecules contact air and surface pathogens, destroying their DNA/RNA to render them inactive.

This is similar to what actually occurs as a part of our body's natural immune response to pathogens. We are essentially taking that and bringing it out into building spaces. Within our body's own immune system, when a microbe is recognized by phagocytes and engulfed, a natural immune response called respiratory burst is initiated. Much of this process within our own body's immune response centers around this very reaction of superoxide and water to create hydrogen peroxide, as well as the reaction of singlet oxygen, which will oxidize many of a microbe's cellular components. Read more about this on our "Science" page.

ADB has been proven much more effective at eliminating pathogens than bipolar ionization (which you can also read about in greater detail on our "Science" page). In addition, ADB is perfectly safe for occupied spaces. With bipolar ionization, there is some doubt that this is the case. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, "bipolar ionization has the potential to generate ozone and other potentially harmful by-products indoors, unless specific precautions are taken in the product design and maintenance." (Source: EPA.gov)
Yes. Air Disinfection Biosecurity is a scientifically validated technology, with supporting evaluation studies from the USDA, Kansas State Food Science Institute, and many other independent laboratories. Certifications also include Eurofins (no harmful byproducts generated), Blue Heaven Technologies, CE (European Communion electrical safety), SGS, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) registered establishments #90193-CA-1 and #90193-CHL-1, and USDA National Organic Standards' - Registration #2857 - sub-type "Sanitizers."

These ADB systems have been around for 20 years and are in 20,000 installations worldwide. They have been installed in the USA since 2008. ADB has been very well vetted during that time.
Air Disinfection Biosecurity (ADB) technology is based on a Modulated Barrier Discharge (MDBD) system with proprietary custom-made power modules. These power modules produce a specific modulated frequency signal and controlled pulses that stabilize a safe, chemical-free blend of Highly Reactive Molecules (HRM), predominantly hydrogen peroxide. Combined with ADB's proprietary design of materials, shape and arrangement of the electrodes, this produces a consistent electric field that in turn causes a partial activation of a portion of oxygen molecules found in ambient air through a reaction with the surrounding environment's gases. This combination of oxygen by-products are Highly Reactive Molecules capable of traveling through the air, inactivating exposed, simple organisms such as airborne and surface-level viruses, bacteria, mold spores, fungi and other microorganisms. Their protein jackets are broken down, interrupting the cellular structure, damaging the harmful agents' RNA and DNA, thus rendering them inactive.

The system consists of two major components - the MDBD environmental purification unit, and the Smart Controller, which manages the production of Highly Reactive Molecules (HRM) in the air.

There is nothing you need to add! The system requires no consumables. It utilizes ambient level oxygen, water vapor and nitrogen naturally occurring within the space to generate the HRM plasma. Once the reaction is complete, the reactive species that do not react with microbes return to their non-reactive molecular oxygen, nitrogen and water vapor.
These units are very economical to operate. The portable unit (ADB-P) requires 60 watts. 70-90 watts is needed for sizes up to 30,000 cubic feet of treatment, on up to the massive 120,000 cubic foot model at 360 watts.
Unlike other competing technologies, our approach is applications engineering on each project. All units are calibrated for the application, and range from 2,000 cubic feet up to 120,000 cubic feet for single units, and there are 12 different models that can be combined if necessary. Therefore, a lot of information is required to quote, such as: Do you have an HVAC system or no, what is the cubic feet per minute (CFM) of your air handlers, what is the cubic volume of the room - and more. We have the capability to have projects budgeted on a square-foot basis.
There is a massive focus right now on antiviral technology in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. As we stated before, ADB will inactivate SARS-CoV-2 (the novel coronavirus that can lead to COVID-19) quickly and effectively. It also works tremendously against over 99 percent of known bacteria, including MRSA, E. coli and Salmonella.

ADB is also extremely effective in neutralizing molds and mold spores, allergens, fungi and mildews. Candida Auris - a potentially deadly fungus that is often acquired in hospitals - is 99.99 percent eradicated by ADB in about 30 minutes.

Because of its ability to eliminate these irritating pathogens and molds, ADB can also effectively neutralize unpleasant odors.

ADB can eliminate bacterial contamination in foods, and can eliminate other microorganisms that can be harmful and limit the post-harvest life and condition of perishable products. This not only helps prevent potential recalls and people getting sick from eating contaminated products, it also extends the shelf life of meat and produce.

ADB systems have had proven success in horticulture and agriculture applications too. ADB helps with a reduction in losses due to mold, increases shelf-life by neutralizing decay microorganisms, produces firmer heads and stems in certain plants, and reduces ethylene.
The standard warranty is 3 years, but the unit will last 7 to 10 or more years with proper maintenance. These components must be replaced at certain intervals: The sensor head (every 18-24 months), and the filter (annually).